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Laparoscopic, G.I. & colorectal surgery, Navi Mumbai, India

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Thyroid Nodule Surgery

What are symptoms of thyroid nodule

  • Thyroid nodules are lumps that form within thyroid gland , it is a small gland located at the front of neck.
  • Most of the thyroid nodules aren’t serious and don’t cause symptoms. Only a small percentage of thyroid nodules are thyroid cancer.
  • Some thyroid nodules is visible in the neck as lump/swelling at front of neck
  • Causes pressure symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing or breathing or change in voice.

Causes of Thyroid nodule

Reasons to develop nodules in thyroid gland:

  • Iodine deficiency
  • Overgrowth of normal thyroid tissue
  • Thyroid cyst
  • Chronic inflammation of the thyroid (thyroiditis). Hashimoto’s disease
  • Multinodular goiter
  • Thyroid cancer

Complications of thyroid nodule

  • Difficulty in swallowing or breathing. Large nodules or a multinodular goiter can cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
  • Hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism can result in weight loss, muscle weakness, heat intolerance, and anxiousness or irritability.
  • Hypothyroidism, such as a slow heartbeat, dry skin, hair fall, weight gain and facial swelling

Diagnosis of thyroid nodule

Thyroid specialist doctor’s while assessing any lump or nodule in neck aims to assess functions of the thyroid gland and to rule out any possibility of cancer.

  • Physical exam. Thyroid nodule usually move up and down during swallowing.
  • Blood tests-Thyroid function tests- to assess thyroid functions blood levels of hormones produced by thyroid gland, and TSH released by pituitary gland are tested. It may show normal functions, Hyperthyroidism OR hypothyroidism.
  • Ultrasonography. Best to understand structure of thyroid gland and nodules.
  • Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy. FNA biopsy helps to differentiate between benign and malignant thyroid nodules..
  • Thyroid scan. hot nodules –nodule producing excess thyroid hormone are seen as hot nodules

Treatment of benign thyroid nodules

  • Watchful waiting. If a biopsy report shows a benign thyroid nodule, thyroid specialist may advice watchful waiting with regular follow ups and thyroid function tests.
  • Thyroid hormone therapy
  • Treating nodules that cause hyperthyroidism
      1. Radioactive iodine.
        Anti-thyroid medications
  • Surgery

Thyroid Surgery is the best treatment for thyroid nodules that are:

  • Cancerous nodule
  • Suspected to be cancerous
  • Large nodule causing pressure symptoms Nodule
  • A fluid-filled (cystic) nodule returns after being drained once or twice.

What are Types of Thyroid Surgery?

Thyroid Surgery is 3 types:

Total thyroidectomy: Entire thyroid gland may be removed for-
Near Total (Subtotal Thyroidectomy): thyroid surgeon removes one lobe, isthmus and part of other lobe of thyroid.
Thyroid Lobectomy: Hemi Thyroidectomy

Normal lifeis expected after thyroid surgery, once you recover from the effects of surgery. Many patients become hypothyroid after surgery so thyroid hormone is given lifelong.

Get Consultation for thyroid surgery from our thyroid specialist in Navi Mumbai.


What patient says about Dr. Nitish Jhawar

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    I was diagnosed with gall stones a year ago in Delhi, I showed it to a doctor at M.... hospital, he .... asked me to get a surgery done and get my gall removed on any date of my choice, I was sacred and too young to get it done I got a vibe from doctor that for him it’s just a small things, however according to for a patient it’s important first be convinced on the urgency to get it done and feel safe . A year later I shifted to Mumbai and started having a frequent pain in shoulder blades and gall area. It went sharp this time. We went to Dr Nitish , as oppose to Delhi doc, Dr Nitish was very polite, first asked us to get the scan done and understand the current scenario, the scan showed one big 17 mm stone which was earlier also there but this time also there were multiple various sized stones as well along with the big one. Dr Nitish examined the scan, explained me and my husband about the condition and need of surgery or else the stone Would have slipped in the panacea or bile calling for a bigger operation. He explained diagramatically . He was patient in explaining, gave us time to think and be convinced. We were ready and then he performed it . It was flawless, quick and went well. He is a very experienced and fine surgeon , he is caring and doesn’t create panic at all rather he takes it slowly and makes patient comfortable. It was lapro, it’s been 2 months I m writing this . I faced no issues till now. Fortis staff was also very caring and good. I would mention fortis Vashi in specific. Good follow up diet makes it normal. I would strongly recommend Dr Nitish. He knows his job perfectly. He is not money minded at all. He would recommend surgery only if it’s required.

  • I had surgery of my left hydrocele on 27th May 2017 by Dr Nitish Jhawar. An excellent experience of service I got particularly from Dr Jhawar. He is not only a qualified experienced doctor but also a splendid human being. Thanks a lot.

  • It was a Laparoscopic operation for the removal of Gall Bladder (stones). I had developed on and off pain in abdomen before the operation, after the operation feeling good, totally pain free. Thanks and respect for handling my case very well.

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    I met doctor Nitish for piles problem and wanted to undergo LASER procedure only, my operation is successful and I thank doctor for being a good human being and great surgeon.

  • Person Image

    I was suffering from piles since long time. For bleeding heavily I met Dr Nitish Jhawar and after meeting him decided to go for Stapler surgery for piles. I found him a doctor who listens to our problem and explains properly.

  • Person Image

    I got diagnosed about a year back but was avoiding operation for Hernia repair, Dr Nitish Jhawar explained me why surgery should be done and I chose surgery by laparoscopy method. I am happy with the doctor and the hospital.

  • Person Image

    I visited for Gall Bladder removal by Laparoscopy after searching for best laparoscopic surgeon. After meeting dr my fear for surgery was vanished and my surgery went well and recovery was smooth.

  • Person Image

    Honest doctor, expert in his field....can trust his words

  • Person Image

    Very good he describe everything in very pleasant manner about the problem which was very helpful to me to understand my disease.

  • Person Image

    Very nice. Doctor is very patient and gives you correct advice.

  • Person Image

    He is very erudite and smart at getting to the bottleneck of the problem. And before realized he had pinched away d growth bothering me near my anal area.

  • Person Image

    Dr. Jhawar is few of the best doctors in town. Extremely pleasant and comfortable experience