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Laparoscopic, G.I. & colorectal surgery, Navi Mumbai, India


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All Posts Tagged: Anal Fissure

Effectiveness of Neurotoxin

Effectiveness of Neurotoxin-Botox Injection for Anal Fissure

Anal fissure is a common condition which occurs due to the increased pressure in the internal anal sphincter located in the anal canal. Being this condition could affect all age groups, especially young adults and the main presenting complaints include pain in the anal area on defecation and bleeding per anus.

Acute anal fissures are usually treated conservatively either with life-style modifications like increased dietary fiber and water intake or using over the counter medications like stool-softening agents (Laxatives). Some Patients are also advised to use Sitz baths, local anesthetic ointments and Glyceryl trinitrate which will ease the pain on defecation and eventually heal the fissure completely.

Chronic anal fissures, do not respond to this kind of treatments and may require surgical interventions.

Botox injection (a neurotoxin) is a latest yet, very safe and efficient method of treatment used in patients with anal fissures and commonest indication for the procedure includes chronic idiopathic anal fissure uncomplicated by other anal conditions. It is also known to be involved with a very simple technique which can be carried out in the outpatient department (OPD), without the requirement of sedation or local anesthesia.

How botox Injection works on anal fissure?

An elevated resting pressure in the anal sphincter muscles due to their hyper-tonicity (increased tone) is known to be the major cause for anal fissures to develop. This will result in a disruption of blood supply to the anal mucosa, since the blood vessels which are responsible in distributing blood to the distal anal canal are being pressurized by the increased tone of sphincter muscles, creating a chronic anal fissure.

Botox injection which contains a neurotoxin, will paralyze the internal anal sphincter on a temporarily basis and thereby decrease its tone and spasms which obstruct the blood supply to the distal anal canal. With proper perfusion and nourishment, the fissure will heal over time and symptoms will disappear. The effect of the toxin will last for about two to three months, which is usually enough for an uncomplicated fissure to resolve.

This method can be expensive yet, cost effective since it will lead to complete healing of the fissure without having to go through the risk of bowel incontinence, complications of anesthesia and wound infections which may occur as a result of lateral internal sphincterotomy surgery. More importantly, the technique used and the site of injection are independent of patient’s age, gender and the location of internal sphincter ring.

Although, there are no major side effects of Botox injections, some patients may complain of minor reversible bowel leakage (incontinence), inability to control passage of air (gas incontinence), pain caused by the injection, bleeding or hematoma formation and infections at the site of injection.

Regular follow-ups are encouraged to see the response to the treatment and improvement of symptoms and patients who do not show any positive results even about eight weeks following the Botox injection or experience complicated fissures creating severe symptoms, will have to consult colorectal surgeon or surgical gastroenterologist and undergo a surgery.

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anal fissure TOI

Dr Nitish Jhawars article in Times Of India on Anal Fissure , causes, symptoms and treatment

Laparoscopic and colorectal Surgeon at Fortis Hiranandani Hospital Vashi, Navi Mumbai- Dr Nitish Jhawars article in Times Of India on Anal Fissure , causes, symptoms and treatment

Fissure is commonly caused by hard or large stool overstretching the anal canal. Other causes include diarrhea or other inflammatory conditions of the anus.

Fissure is managed by home care and healthy life style changes including high fiber diet. local application gl for fissure healing is also advised, however sometimes surgery is required. commonly done is Lateral internal sphincterotomy.

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What patient says about Dr. Nitish Jhawar

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    I was diagnosed with gall stones a year ago in Delhi, I showed it to a doctor at M.... hospital, he .... asked me to get a surgery done and get my gall removed on any date of my choice, I was sacred and too young to get it done I got a vibe from doctor that for him it’s just a small things, however according to for a patient it’s important first be convinced on the urgency to get it done and feel safe . A year later I shifted to Mumbai and started having a frequent pain in shoulder blades and gall area. It went sharp this time. We went to Dr Nitish , as oppose to Delhi doc, Dr Nitish was very polite, first asked us to get the scan done and understand the current scenario, the scan showed one big 17 mm stone which was earlier also there but this time also there were multiple various sized stones as well along with the big one. Dr Nitish examined the scan, explained me and my husband about the condition and need of surgery or else the stone Would have slipped in the panacea or bile calling for a bigger operation. He explained diagramatically . He was patient in explaining, gave us time to think and be convinced. We were ready and then he performed it . It was flawless, quick and went well. He is a very experienced and fine surgeon , he is caring and doesn’t create panic at all rather he takes it slowly and makes patient comfortable. It was lapro, it’s been 2 months I m writing this . I faced no issues till now. Fortis staff was also very caring and good. I would mention fortis Vashi in specific. Good follow up diet makes it normal. I would strongly recommend Dr Nitish. He knows his job perfectly. He is not money minded at all. He would recommend surgery only if it’s required.

  • I had surgery of my left hydrocele on 27th May 2017 by Dr Nitish Jhawar. An excellent experience of service I got particularly from Dr Jhawar. He is not only a qualified experienced doctor but also a splendid human being. Thanks a lot.

  • It was a Laparoscopic operation for the removal of Gall Bladder (stones). I had developed on and off pain in abdomen before the operation, after the operation feeling good, totally pain free. Thanks and respect for handling my case very well.

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    I met doctor Nitish for piles problem and wanted to undergo LASER procedure only, my operation is successful and I thank doctor for being a good human being and great surgeon.

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    I was suffering from piles since long time. For bleeding heavily I met Dr Nitish Jhawar and after meeting him decided to go for Stapler surgery for piles. I found him a doctor who listens to our problem and explains properly.

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    I got diagnosed about a year back but was avoiding operation for Hernia repair, Dr Nitish Jhawar explained me why surgery should be done and I chose surgery by laparoscopy method. I am happy with the doctor and the hospital.

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    I visited for Gall Bladder removal by Laparoscopy after searching for best laparoscopic surgeon. After meeting dr my fear for surgery was vanished and my surgery went well and recovery was smooth.

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    Honest doctor, expert in his field....can trust his words

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    Very good he describe everything in very pleasant manner about the problem which was very helpful to me to understand my disease.

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    Very nice. Doctor is very patient and gives you correct advice.

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    He is very erudite and smart at getting to the bottleneck of the problem. And before realized he had pinched away d growth bothering me near my anal area.

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    Dr. Jhawar is few of the best doctors in town. Extremely pleasant and comfortable experience