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Laparoscopic, G.I. & colorectal surgery, Navi Mumbai, India

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Causes and Risk Factors involved in Hernia

Hernia is a protrusion of an internal structure of the body through a weak boundary in the surrounding muscle or tissue wall, usually occurring between chest and hips, giving rise to a small, often painless swelling or lump in the tummy or groin area.

Through this blog post you will find general information about causes of hernia and risk factors for development of hernia, for any doubt please visit General and laparoscopic surgeons who are hernia treatment specialist also.

Causes of Hernia:

A failed embryonic closure in male fetuses can result in the formation of an indirect inguinal hernia later in life. Prematurity is another identified cause for hernia formation due to the developmental issues of muscles and tissues of infants.

The commonest cause for hernia has identified to be a raised pressure inside the body together with a pre-existing weak area in the tissue or muscle wall, creating a potential site for a bulging out to take place.

Increased abdominal pressure can be a result of various external factors. Long-term activities like frequent heavy weight lifting associated with certain jobs, strenuous exercises and long hours of standing are among the commonest.

Weakened abdominal walls or tissues as a result of injuries to abdominal wall, sports, sudden movements and dislocations of discs can also give rise to hernia formation in certain individuals.

Other commonest risk factors associated with the development of hernias are as follows.

  • Age – Commoner in adults, since advanced age can weaken connective tissues.
  • Gender – Inguinal hernias are commoner in men, femoral hernias are commoner in women whereas umbilical hernias are commoner in women.
  • Genetics – Individuals with a positive family history are more susceptible.
  • Obesity – Over weight individuals, naturally present with an increased intra-abdominal pressure which will eventually push out the increased amount of fatty tissue content and organs through a weakened spot
  • Ascites – Excessive formation of fluid inside the peritoneal cavity, occurring due to various medical conditions like chronic liver failure and tend to increase the intra-abdominal pressure, thus resulting in protrusion
  • Cystic Fibrosis – Being a genetic condition associated with abnormalities in tissue formation and chronic cough can result in a combination of both fundamental factors, required for a bulging out to take place
  • Chronic constipation – Long-term straining due to the difficulty in passing out dry faeces, can obviously cause a raised intra-abdominal pressure, where most of the affected individuals tend to develop hernias later in life
  • Pregnancy – Increased pressure inside the abdomen due to a developing fetus, can also act as a cause for Hernia formation, in certain individuals.
  • Surgery – Those who have undergone a previous abdominal surgery, have an increased potential to develop hernias due to a weakened abdominal wall

The most important point to keep in mind is that, those who are known to have a single or multiple risk factors, should seek medical advice from a hernia specialist to prevent from possible hernia development or other complications associated.


What patient says about Dr. Nitish Jhawar

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    I was diagnosed with gall stones a year ago in Delhi, I showed it to a doctor at M.... hospital, he .... asked me to get a surgery done and get my gall removed on any date of my choice, I was sacred and too young to get it done I got a vibe from doctor that for him it’s just a small things, however according to for a patient it’s important first be convinced on the urgency to get it done and feel safe . A year later I shifted to Mumbai and started having a frequent pain in shoulder blades and gall area. It went sharp this time. We went to Dr Nitish , as oppose to Delhi doc, Dr Nitish was very polite, first asked us to get the scan done and understand the current scenario, the scan showed one big 17 mm stone which was earlier also there but this time also there were multiple various sized stones as well along with the big one. Dr Nitish examined the scan, explained me and my husband about the condition and need of surgery or else the stone Would have slipped in the panacea or bile calling for a bigger operation. He explained diagramatically . He was patient in explaining, gave us time to think and be convinced. We were ready and then he performed it . It was flawless, quick and went well. He is a very experienced and fine surgeon , he is caring and doesn’t create panic at all rather he takes it slowly and makes patient comfortable. It was lapro, it’s been 2 months I m writing this . I faced no issues till now. Fortis staff was also very caring and good. I would mention fortis Vashi in specific. Good follow up diet makes it normal. I would strongly recommend Dr Nitish. He knows his job perfectly. He is not money minded at all. He would recommend surgery only if it’s required.

  • I had surgery of my left hydrocele on 27th May 2017 by Dr Nitish Jhawar. An excellent experience of service I got particularly from Dr Jhawar. He is not only a qualified experienced doctor but also a splendid human being. Thanks a lot.

  • It was a Laparoscopic operation for the removal of Gall Bladder (stones). I had developed on and off pain in abdomen before the operation, after the operation feeling good, totally pain free. Thanks and respect for handling my case very well.

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    I met doctor Nitish for piles problem and wanted to undergo LASER procedure only, my operation is successful and I thank doctor for being a good human being and great surgeon.

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    I was suffering from piles since long time. For bleeding heavily I met Dr Nitish Jhawar and after meeting him decided to go for Stapler surgery for piles. I found him a doctor who listens to our problem and explains properly.

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    I got diagnosed about a year back but was avoiding operation for Hernia repair, Dr Nitish Jhawar explained me why surgery should be done and I chose surgery by laparoscopy method. I am happy with the doctor and the hospital.

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    I visited for Gall Bladder removal by Laparoscopy after searching for best laparoscopic surgeon. After meeting dr my fear for surgery was vanished and my surgery went well and recovery was smooth.

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    Honest doctor, expert in his field....can trust his words

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    Very good he describe everything in very pleasant manner about the problem which was very helpful to me to understand my disease.

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    Very nice. Doctor is very patient and gives you correct advice.

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    He is very erudite and smart at getting to the bottleneck of the problem. And before realized he had pinched away d growth bothering me near my anal area.

  • Person Image

    Dr. Jhawar is few of the best doctors in town. Extremely pleasant and comfortable experience