Breast tumor /LUMP in Breast
During self-examination of breast for Breast cancer screening , you find a swelling or lump in breast and you are scared… what to do next?
Don’t panic as most breast lump are benign ie not cancer, however it can be sign of breast cancer so visit a general surgeon immediately to investigate it further and take proper treatment.
Breast lumps are often painless, though some may be painful. Reason for breast pain is usually hormonal variations related to menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Hormonal medications, including some infertility treatments and oral birth control pills may also cause breast pain.
Causes of Breast Lump
- Fibrocystic changes: Due to hormonal changes in menstrual cycle and are hard or rubbery. There may be pain on pressing breast lump.
- Fibroadenoma: It is most common type of breast lump and on touch it is rubbery , round and usually there is no pain
- Mastitis: infection in breast tissue may cause painful lump.
- Breast Cancer: Intraductal papilloma, Breast cyst, Lipoma, injury (trauma to breast) may also cause breast lump.
Tests to Diagnose a Breast Lump
After through Clinical examination, specialist may advise following tests:
- Fine needle aspiration
Treatment of Breast Lump at Navi Mumbai
First step to plan proper treatment for breast lump is diagnosis and determine the cause of breast lump.
Fibrocystic breast changes do not require any treatment as it goes after menstrual cycle is finished. But to relieve pain treatment may be recommended.
Simple cyst can be treated by aspirating the fluid by a small needle. After aspiration usually cyst disappears by its own.
Fibroadenoma and intraductual papilloma are removed by surgery.
Abscess or Infection in breast requires antibiotics.
Breast Cancer Treatment Includes:
- Removal of the lump
- Removal of the breast
- radiation Therapy
- Hormone therapy
Risk Factors for Breast Cancer
The following are risk factors are strongly related to the higher chances of developing breast cancer:
- Breast cancer in family more so if they had it before age of 50 year
- In general, the older you are, the greater your risk
- A history of benign breast disease
- Other breast conditions: lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) or atypical hyperplasia
- Radiation therapy to chest before age of 30 is at increased risk of breast cancer
- Certain genome changes: Changes in certain genes, such as BRCA1 or BRCA2, substantially increase the risk of breast cancer
- No pregnancy or late first pregnancy (first child after age 30)
- Early menarche: First menstrual period at an early age before 12
- Late menopause after 55 years of age
- Overweight or obese after menopause
- Lack of physical activity
- Drinking alcohol
Symptoms indicating that a Breast Lump Could be Breast Cancer
- Lump or thickening of the breast
- Dimpling or puckering of the skin
- Change In skin color of the breast or its texture
- Change in breast shape
- Swelling, redness or heat in the breast
- Discharge from the nipple
- Retraction of the nipple
Breast lump can occur in both male and female and a visit to specialist doctor is required to diagnose it properly. Depending upon the type of breast lump a suitable treatment is planned.